Conversion of cellulose to short chain polyols over metal loaded on KCC-1 catalyst


  • F. Ariffin
  • S.M. Izan
  • A.A. Jalil
  • C.R. Mamat
  • N. Basar
  • J. Jaafar
  • H. Hamdan
  • S. Triwahyono



Cellulose, Cerium, Ruthenium, Nickel, KCC-1


The production of short chain polyols from cellulose over metal (Ce, Ni or Ru) loaded on fibrous mesoporous silica KCC-1 catalysts was studied at temperature range of 150-240 °C. The KCC-1 was prepared by microwave assisted hydrothermal method. Then it was modified with Ce, Ni or Ru by incipient wetness impregnation method. The KCC-1, Ce/KCC-1, Ni/KCC-1 and Ru/KCC-1 were characterized with XRD, FESEM, FTIR and nitrogen-physisorption analyzer. The XRD analysis showed that the introduction of metals did not change much of the XRD pattern for KCC-1. The FESEM and EDX results showed the presence of Ce, Ni and Ru metals on the uniform spherical shape of fibrous silica particle. The surface area of KCC-1, Ce/KCC-1, Ni/KCC-1 and Ru/KCC-1 was 393.81, 371.56, 314.22 and 351.97 m2/g, respectively. At 220 °C, 5 bars of nitrogen, and 2 h of reaction, the conversion of cellulose reached 95 % over Ce/KCC-1 with the product distribution of 3-buten-1-ol (S=63.30%), diisopropyl ether (S=2.86%) and cyclopropane carboxylic acid (S=33.70%). While, bare KCC-1, Ni/KCC-1 and Ru/KCC-1 showed less activity than that of Ce/KCC-1. The high activity of Ce/KCC-1 may be due to the presence of Ce metal and fibrous silica which provided large surface area and average pore diameter.


O. Roselinde, D. Michiel, A.G. Jan, B. Beau, V. Rick, G. Elena, A.M. Johan, R. Andreas, F.S. Bert, Green Chem. 16 (2014) 695.

W. Xicheng, M. Lingqian, W. Feng, J. Yijun, W. Lei, M. Xindong, Green Chem. 14 (2012) 758.

W. Yujing, Q. Songbai, X. Ying, D. Mingyue, C. Lungang, Z. Qi, M. Longlong, W. Tiejun, Energy and Management 94 (2015) 95.

K. Deutsch, Copper catalysts in the C-O hydrogenolysis of biorenewable compounds, Graduate Theses and Dissertations, 2012, 12312.

A. G. Jan, V.D.V. Stijn, O. Roselinde, O.D.B. Beau, A.J. Pierre, F.S. Bert, Catal. Sci. Technol. 1 (2012) 714.

K. Hirokazu, K. Tasuku, K.G. Samar, H. Kenji, F. Atsushi, Appl. Catal. A: Gen. (2011) 409.

L. Yuping, L. Yuhe, C. Xiaofeng, W. Tiejun, M. Longlong, L. Jinxing, L. Qiying, X. Ying, Biomass Bioenergy. 74 (2015) 148.

G. Jan, V.D.V. Stijn, C. Kevin, J. Pierre, S. Bert, Green Chem. 13 (2011) 2167.

V. Lea, C. Amandine, E. Catherine, L. Sylvie, D. Daniel, J. Catal. 320 (2014) 16.

S. Jinliang, F. Honglei, M. Jun, H. Buxing, Green Chem. 15 (2013) 2619.

X. Jinxu, Z. Yu, X. Qineng, L. Xiaohui, R. Jiawen, L. Guanzhong, W. Yanqin, Appl. Catal. A: Gen. 459 (2013) 52.

X. Jinxu, D. Daqian, S. Yi, L. Xiahui, L. Guanzhong, W. Yanqin, Chem. Eng. 2 (2014) 2355.

L. Mingrui, W. Hua, H. Jinyu, N. Yufei, Carbohydr. Polym. 89 (2012) 607.

M.L. Inmaculada, L.G. Manuel, L.G.F. Jose, M. Rafael, Chin. J. Catal. 35 (2014) 614.




How to Cite

Ariffin, F., Izan, S., Jalil, A., Mamat, C., Basar, N., Jaafar, J., Hamdan, H., & Triwahyono, S. (2017). Conversion of cellulose to short chain polyols over metal loaded on KCC-1 catalyst. Malaysian Journal of Catalysis, 2(2).



Research Article